2022年11月

New Words:

audit [ˈɔːdɪt] n/v. 旁听;检查;审计;查账

词根是 audi,来源于拉丁文 audire,表示“听”。
奥迪(Audi),大家都“听”过,这个汽车品牌名称就来源于这个拉丁词。
它还有个变形 audit,单词 audit(n/v.审计,查账,旁听)就来源于此。

audition [ɔːˈdɪʃn] n/v. 试听;试音;试镜

audition 做名词时可以表示“听力,听觉”; 表示“试音,试听”时有名词和动词两种词性。
申请工作之前要面试,演员表演之前要试演,当然我们也可以说“对某人进行面试;
让某人试演”,这时 audition 后面就可以直接带宾语了。


Sample Sentences:

He wants to do a quick audit.
Did you audit professor lin's class yesterday?
As usual, the yearly audit will take place in December.


由词根+后缀构成,扩展一下

词根 audi/audit,表示“听”,例如:

audio [ˈɔːdioʊ] adj. 声音的;音频的
auditor [ˈɔːdɪtər] n. 旁听生;审计员;审核员
audience [ˈɔːdiəns] n.听众;观众
audible [ˈɔːdəbl] adj.听得见的;可听的
inaudible [ɪnˈɔːdəbl] adj. 听不见的
auditorium [ˌɔːdɪˈtɔːriəm] n.礼堂;讲堂

New Words:

wind [waɪnd] v. 缠绕;卷绕;蜿蜒;给(钟表等)上发条
【不规则形式】 [waʊnd] wound, wound
wind up 给(钟表等)上发条;给…上弦


Sample Sentences:

A snake winds round a branch.
The stream winds through the village.
The clock will stop if you don't wind it.
The nurse wound a bandage around my leg.

He wound up the toy car and let it go.
He always winds up his watch before he goes to bed.


New Words:

sleeve [sli:v] n. 袖子
puppet [ˈpʌpɪt] n. 木偶;玩偶;傀儡


Sample Sentences:

I felt a pull at my sleeve and turned round.
Dan rolled up his sleeves and washed his hands.

The shadow puppet show began.
Think of yourself as a puppet with a string coming out of the top of your head.


New Words:

wig [wɪɡ] n. 假发
roll [roʊl] v. 滚动;翻转;把(衣服的边)卷起来


Sample Sentences:

A strong wind suddenly blew his wig off.
The actress wore a black wig over her blond hair.

The boat rolled badly.
The dog rolled on the floor.
She rolled her jeans to her knees.
She rolled up her sleeves and began to prepare for supper.


sleeve [sli:v] n. 袖子

New Words:

approve [əˈpruːv] v. 批准;赞成;同意
disapprove [ˌdɪsəˈpruːv] vi. 不赞成;反对;不同意


Sample Sentences:

Do you approve of my idea?
Her parents did not approve of her decision.
The government approved the plan last month.
Her parents disapprove of her going out at night.
I must say I disapprove of smoking in public places.